It’s been now six years that I’ve been actively and more centrally using Liberating Structures (LS), following three to four years of beating around that bush and borrowing from the LS repertoire haphazardly. Now it is firmly in my practice, and I’ve decided to start another blogging series (Structuring our liberation – LS under the lens), looking at specific structures from the LS repertoire.
Today, I’m getting started with some structures that tend to be used slightly less, among others because they require a shared context. One such structure is: Generative Relationships STAR.
What is the purpose of Generative Relationships / STAR
STAR looks at four characteristics of teams and helps its members assess how well they do on each of these characteristics, so they can identify adjustments for the gaps that they see. The four aspects are:
- Separateness (and differences): How diverse is the team in its composition
- Tuning: How well team members manage to listen to and learn with each other
- Action: How frequently/intensively the team acts together on opportunities and/or innovate
- Reason/purpose to be together: How clear it is for everyone in the team what the purpose of that team is and are its benefits
How does it work?
Working with a compass map, each team member develops their own version of the compass, then compares it with others and they negotiate how their whole team picture actually looks.
Then they discuss what are the pattern results of their STAR compass mapping in terms of how they work together.
Based on that, they identify some steps to become more functional etc.
Read more about this on the LS website.
The whole structure takes about 20-40 minutes to be worked out.
Who could really benefit from this LS?
Obviously, any team can benefit from this, and teams are the primary locus of this LS. But the STAR logic can be extended to small organisations and networks also. It’s helpful for team members, primarily, but also for managers, for consultants working with that team or group. It’s particularly helpful for groups of people that bring in partners from different organisations, to really understand how they manage to work together and make the partnership a reality.
Also: Particularly helpful for team retreats and capacity development, for interpersonal communication, for identifying the basis for strong collaboration. For weak teams that need to get their act together, and for high-performing teams that want to identify their edges and next focus.
It’s generally useful for anyone wishing to understand group dynamics and team composition better also.
What is liberating about it?
A few features from STAR are quite liberating, even though not uniquely in this LS:
- The conversation about assessing the team, and collectively negotiating how the team itself operates, looking at the -sometimes wildly- different individual assessments, is always a great opportunity to surface differing perspectives. That conversation is in itself worth more than the eventual result of the negotiation.
- The creativity that it requires to consider the STAR compass map and characterise the collaboration patterns of that group is great. Hidden patterns are revealed. Alternatively, while the patterns themselves might be recognised, STAR offers a basis to explain the deficiencies/edges of that team.
- The initial assessment (the teams’ collective STAR compass) paves the way for further, future, deeper explorations of the team dynamics.
- The compass map points in the direction of either developing the capacities of current team members, or of bringing in people that might stimulate either of these dimensions.
How to stretch the structure further?
While this is meant to be used by groups of people that effectively work as teams, it can also be used alternatively:
It can always be used individually reflecting on our respective teams, and bouncing ideas off with others, possibly preceded by Helping heuristics to offer the most adequate type of support to each other in doing so?
Even for impromptu teams (e.g. the group of participants in a public workshop), STAR can be used to reflect on useful variables of a well-functioning team. It could even be done as an exercise to get that impromptu group to understand how they are operating together and to keep that in mind as they further explore their interaction patterns…
The 4 variables of STAR can arguably be replaced by other dimensions of teamwork that matter e.g. their process literacy, their emotional intelligence (which is perhaps one of the elements in tuning), their recognition and pride, their stability as a team etc.
It can be stretched onto families (or even groups of friends) that want to understand how they function with each other.
We will be working with this structure in the upcoming general immersion workshop in May-June by the way.